Most women are understandably anxious about doing an ovarian cyst surgery. Unfortunately, when it is time to determine whether an ovarian cyst is cancerous, there is no other option but to go through one of two types of ovarian cyst surgery.
The first type of surgery is called the Laparoscopy. Your doctor might refer to this type of procedure as a minimally invasive surgery, or a bandaid surgery. This is because the operation is done primarily in the abdomen using small incisions (about 0.5 – 1.5 cm) within the abdominal or pelvic cavity. In order to have a better look at the ovarian cyst, a telescopic rod lens system (that is connected to a video camera) or a digital laparoscope where the device is placed at the end of the laparoscope is used.
There are a number of advantages to doing a Laparoscopy. The most important one is that there is a reduced chance for haemorrhaging, which also reduces the need for a blood transfusion. Also, because the incision on the abdomen is small, the patient will not experience as much pain and will therefore recover a lot faster. In fact, many patients are discharged the same day if no complications occur. The last advantage of Laparoscopy is that the internal organs are less exposed to external contaminants, and this drastically reduces the risk of infections.
The bad news is that Laparoscopy also brings with it some risks. For patients who are obese or have undergone abdominal surgery in the past, there is a higher likelihood that the blood vessels or small/large bowel may be injured during surgery. Another associated risk involves electrical burns when surgeons working with electrodes leak electricity into the surrounding tissue. Lastly, there may be an increased risk of hypothermia when the abdomen is pumped with carbon dioxide gases. The good news is that the use of heated and humidified CO2 may reduce this risk.
The second type of ovarian cyst surgery is a Laparotomy. This surgical method involves making an incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. This is a frequent tool used in diagnosing an unknown condition like ovarian cysts where a patient has abdominal pain or sustained an injury to the abdomen. The most common incision is called the midline incision and is the most common type of incision because it allows a wider access to most of the abdominal cavity.
As with every surgical procedure, Laparotomy has its own set of risks. The most common problem involves the general use of anesthesia like nausea, sore throat, vomiting, fatigue, headache, and soreness in the muscles. Some patients also experience bleeding, infection, injury to the abdominal organs, or the development of adhesions.
Before you decide whether a Laparoscopy or a Laparotomy is the better ovarian cyst surgery for your situation, remember to discuss the pros and cons of both procedures with your doctor or physician.